Top 20 Historial Forts to visit in India

: 30 Jan 2018
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The land of India has been embellished with some of the most majestic forts in the world. Reflecting a rich culture, history and a good taste in architecture, these massive forts take one back in the glorious time of Maharajas and Emperors. The majority of India's forts and palaces are located in Rajasthan and Maharastra. Top 20 Historial Forts to visit in India.

1 Amber Fort

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The Amer Fort also called as Amber Fort is beautiful fort situated in Amer near Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. Amber Fort located high on a hill, is the principal tourist attraction in Jaipur and one of the most famous forts of Rajasthan. This magnificent fort comprises an extensive palace complex, built from pale yellow and pink sandstone, and white marble, and is divided into four main sections, each with its own courtyard. Amer, originally, was the capital of the state before Jaipur. Amer Fort is located at 13km from state capital Jaipur, 243km from Agra, 247km from New Delhi.

2 Chitradurga Fort

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Chitradurga Fort is a magnificent historical fort located in the Chitradurga city , which is a administrative district of Karnataka, India. The Chitradurga Fort built during the 17th and 18th century have gone through the hands of several rulers and undergone the transformation. Chitradurga fort witnessed history from the period of Chalukyas empire and famous for the legend of Onake Obawa. The fort is built in a series of seven concentric fortification walls with various passages, ancient temples. There are 18 temples in the upper fort and one huge temple in the lower fort. Among these temples the oldest and most interesting is the Hidimbeshwara temple. Its a clean and well maintained stone fort, one of the must visit attractions for the tourists in the region to rejoice the history and picturesque view the top of the hill fort. Chitradurga is located on the NH4, approx 200km from Bengaluru, 300km from Belgaum, 390km from Goa, 527km from Hyderabad, 554km from Chennai, 648km from Kochi, 640km from Pune.

3 Chittorgarh Fort

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The Chittaur Fort or Chittorgarh Fort is a one of the largest forts of india located in Chittorgarh city of Rajasthan, India. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Its origins are traced to the Pandavas of Mahabharata. It is said that Bhima, one of the Pandava brothers, built the fort. Standing on 180 meters high hill, the fort covers an area of 700 Acres. Has a one-mile-long twisty road leading to it with seven gateways guarded by a watch tower and iron-spiked doors. While only 22 of the original 84 bodies of water within the fort still exist. Apart from Padmini and Rawal Ratan Singh’s palaces, Chittor Fort houses intricately carved Jain temples, ornamental pillars, Gaumukh reservoir, considered sacred by the locals and Meerabai’s temple where she worshipped lord Krishna. Chittorgarh Fort is located at approx 123km from Udaipur, 314km form state capital Jaipur, 463km from Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, 489km from Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, 361km from Gandhinagar, Gujarat.

4 Golkonda Fort

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Golkonda Fort or Gol konda is an imposing historic fort located near Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. The region is known for the diamond trade that has produced some of the world's most famous gems, including the Koh-i-Noor, the Hope Diamond, Nassak Diamond and the Noor-ul-Ain. The fort and surrounding ruined city make up one of the most popular attractions in Hyderabad. Golkonda Fort is located at approx 12km from Hyderabad city, 551km from Pune, 568km from Bengaluru, 666km from Chennai, 660km from Visakhapatnam.

5 Gwalior Fort

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Gwalior Fort is a Magnificent hill fort near Gwalior in Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is also called "the Gibraltar of India" as the The fort has existed at least since the 10th century. The historical significance & wonderful architecture makes it a must visit attraction in Madhya Pradesh, India. The fort is built on an outcrop of Vindhyan sandstone on a solitary rocky hill called Gopachal. Located at 3km from Gwalior railway station, 104km from Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, 121km from Agra, Uttar Pradesh, 267km from Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, 407km from Bhopal.

6 Jaigarh Fort

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The Jaigarh Fort is a majestic fort built by Sawan Jai Singh II, Located on the Hill of Eagles near Amer in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. Made with the purpose of protecting Amer Fort and the Maota Lake, Jaigarh fort is considered as the strongest monument of Jaipur. Jaigarh Fort is architecturally similar to the Amer Fort, and offers a panoramic view of the city of Jaipur. The fort houses the world's largest cannon on wheels, a majestic palace complex and the assembly hall of the warriors known as 'Shubhat Niwas' along with a museum and an armory. Jaigarh Fort is located at 13km from state capital Jaipur, 243km from Agra, 247km from New Delhi. 7km from Amer Fort.

7 Jaisalmer Fort

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Jaisalmer Fort is a one such amazing site, which is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site situated in the historic city of Jaisalmer, in Rajasthan, India. The fort is also known as the Golden Fort, Sonar Quila or Sone ka Quila as the fort appears like a golden structure when seen from a distance. Jaisalmer fort is the most popular landmark of Jaisalmer city. Unlike other forts of Rajasthan, Jaisalmer fort houses museum, shops, restaurants, residential accommodations, hotels, etc. Jaisalmer Fort is located at approx 282km from Jodhpur, 559km from state capital Jaipur, 761km from New Delhi.

8 Janjira Fort

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Murud-Janjira Fort or Janjira Fort famous mighty fort and tourist place situated on an island near village of Murud, in the Raigad district of Maharashtra, India. Murud-Janjira Fort is situated on an oval-shaped rock off the Arabian Sea coast near the port town of Murud and is considered one of the strongest marine forts in India. Interesting fact about this fort is the main gate of the fort faces Rajapuri on the shore can be seen only when one is about 40 feet away from it. A special attraction of this fort are 3 gigantic cannons named Kalalbangdi, Chavri and Landa Kasam. These cannons were said to be feared for their shooting range.[9] Another gate to the west is sea-facing, called 'Darya Darwaza'. Janjira Fort is located at approx 159km from Mumbai, 182km from Pune, 520km from Panaji, Goa.

9 Kumbhalgarh Fort

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Kumbhalgarh fort is a Mewar fortress in the Rajsamand district near Udaipur of Rajasthan, India. Fort loacted on the westerly range of Aravalli Hills is a UNESCO World Heritage Site included in Hill Forts of Rajasthan. The mighty fort is 3600 ft tall and 38km long that surrounds the area of Udaipur district and hence it is claimed to be the second-longest continuous wall after the Great Wall of China. The fort that has seven fortified gateways and a number of Jain temples within it , along with the Lakhola Tank which is the most famous tank inside the fort that was constructed by Rana Lakha. The fort consists of a number of Hindu temples and Jain temples that indicate the religious tolerance of the rulers and how they patronized the Jains and encouraged their culture in the kingdom. Kumbhalgarh Fort is located at approx 102km from Udaipur, 173km from Jodhpur, 344km from state capital Jaipur, 289km from Gandhinagar, Gujarat, 563km from Surat, 601km from New Delhi.

10 Mehrangarh Fort

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Mehrangarh or Mehran Fort is one of the most formidable and magnificent fort located in Jodhpur city, Rajasthan,India. the fort was built by Rao Jodha in the year 1459. The fort is spread over an area of 5 km and is built on 125 m high hill in the outskirts of Jodhpur city. Inside its boundaries there are several palaces known for their intricate carvings and expansive courtyards. One can see the panoramic view of the Jodhpur city from this fort, which seems like a blue carpet laid at the foot of a hill. Mehrangarh Fort is located at approx 331km from state capital Jaipur, 252km from Udaipur, 587km from New Delhi.

11 Panhala fort

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Panhala fort also known as Panhalgad is located in Panhala in Kolhapur district of Maharashtra, India. Located in the Sahyadri mountain range, entire stretch of Panhala Fort is dotted with parapets, ramparts, and bastions and styled with motifs of different dynasties that ruled over the fort - the Marathas, Bahamanis, Mughals and so on. Panhala fort provides a great views and trekking experience, making it one of the major attractions in Maharashtra, India. Panhala fort is located at approx 23km from Kolhapur, 128km from Satara, 240km from Pune, 383km from Mumbai, 134km from Belgaum, Karnataka.

12 Pratapgad Fort

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Pratapgad Fort is historical fort located in Satara district of Maharashtra, India. It is one of largest fort in Maharashtra and greatest tourist attractions. This fort is know for site of the Battle of Pratapgad. The place is perfect for sightseeing and the best choice for tourists who love to nature and adventure. The historic battle between Chatrapati Shivaji and Afzal Khan, the commander of the Bijapur Sultanate fought here. Bhavani Temple and Afzal Khan's Tomb are major attractions where are situated near the fort. Pratapgad Fort is located at approx 76km form Satara, 20km from Mahabaleshwar, 139km from Pune, 218km from Mumbai.

13 Raigad Fort

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Raigad is a hill fort situated in the Mahad, Raigad district of Maharashtra, India. Raigad fort is among the major spots for tourism in Maharashtra. It is one of the ancient heritage sites and is a famous destination for weekend holiday. Chhatrapati Shivaji has made this fort the capital of his empire in the year 1674. This hill fort is located in the Sahyadri mountain range. There are approximately 1737 steps leading to the fort. The majestic fort is accessible only from one side through a pathway which has about 1737 steps as the other three sides are surrounded by deep valleys. Alternatively, one can take the ropeway to reach the fort top in 4 minutes. Raigad Fort is located at approx 134km from Pune, 166km from Mumbai. 367km from Belgaum, Karnataka.

14 Rajgad Fort

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Rajgad is a hill fort situated in the Pune district of Maharashtra, India. Formerly known as Murumdev, the fort was the capital of the Maratha Empire under the rule of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj for almost 26 years, after which the capital was moved to the Raigad Fort. Treasures discovered from an adjacent fort Torna were used to completely build and fortify the Rajgad Fort.

15 Red Fort

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Red Fort is one the famous attraction in Delhi, Located in the center of the city, also called Lal Kila. REd fort is one of the prominent red sandstone architectures Built By Shah Jahan in the Year of 1648. walls stretch to a distance of almost 2 kilometers, cover a total area of about 254.67 acres. The fort is named as such as it was built from red sandstone which gives the building a red tint.

16 Shivneri Fort

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Shivneri Fort is located near Junnar in Pune district of Maharashtra, India. It is the birthplace of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the founder of Maratha Empire. A well maintained fort with many small gardens within. This fort is surrounded by steep upwards slopes from all four sides and is unassailable. There is small temple of Goddess Shivai and idols of Jijabai (Mother of Shri Shivaji) and Shivaji in his childhood. The fort has a lovely view of the surrounding hills and junnar city. Old monuments have been preserved. Trekking level is easy. So one can go with family and kids can go as well. Shivneri Fort is located at approx 93km from Pune, 155km from Mumbai, 151km from Nashik, 111km from Ahmednagar.


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